slavery by another name documentary transcript

In turn, the film aims at delivering the information that the government is a critical cultivator of the situation, and its actions can be associated with the violation of the human rights and freedoms, which were presented in the Emancipation Proclamation. Based on the 2008 Pulitzer Prize-winning book by Douglas A. Blackmon, the film, Peonage exhibits the role of racism in American society, reveals the systematic ways racism was used to perpetuate white hegemony, and explains the impact on generations of African-Americans. Find a "Changing America" exhibit in your community. And that's all the difference in the world. The program also features interviews with Douglas Blackmon and with leading scholars of this period. It was as if the only way to extricate slavery from the system was all-out revolution. Photo: Michael A. Schwartz Photography. Inner city ghettos remind us of the legacy of slavery by another name. Introduction by Cornel West. Nonetheless, he opposes and has a negative attitude towards the forced labor, and his actions help to reveal the participation of John Pace in the debt slavery (Slavery by Another Name). 2. And that's the language that was used, buying and selling, someone who has been purchased from a county jail or purchased from a state prison system. Electronic Inspiration LLC. Labor reform c. DVD During the 16th century, outsiders settled in the Caribbean. W.E.B. Major producer and exporter in 1884. The emancipation of slaves did not lead to the dismantling of the underlying structures of slavery. Copy each sentence. That led to some reforms. Copyright 2023 Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), all rights reserved. At, we provide students the tools they need to streamline their studying, researching, and writing tasks. Privateers conducted sweeps throughout the south before harvest season and based upon need for mine labor, 1. <> African-Americans had few role models or community leaders to help them organize in order to overcome. Therefore, the sociological component of peonage created a vast underclass of people labeled as "criminal." document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); A collaboration between Rethinking Schools and Teaching for Change <>>> endobj Slavery by Another Name challenges one of our countrys most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery ended with Abraham Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. Firstly, the movie portrays the devastating truth about the active usage of forced labor and slavery by governmental and social services until the Second World War (Slavery by Another Name). Slavery by Another Name explores the new forms of slavery after the Civil War. "When white Americans frankly peel back the layers of our commingled pasts, we are all marked by it. Meanwhile, the author of the original book, which is the basis for the script for the film, also participates in storytelling, as he experienced the difficulties of the integration of blacks and whites and tended to contribute to the profound understanding of the issue (Slavery by Another Name). After the Civil War, slavery persisted in the form of convict leasing, a system in which Southern states leased prisoners to private railways, mines, and large plantations. Federal Court sanctioned segregation. 1 0 obj When did President Theodore Roosevelt pardon John Pace? AMST 0259 Re-Presenting Slavery 3) One advanced, relevant 0400 level course or an independent 0500-level project. Chesnutt, C.W. The scams seem obvious in retrospect, and it is unfathomable that racism would be so completely and inextricably embedded in the American political system. How did Reconstruction impact African Americans? By 1865, despite the promise of the Emancipation Proclamation, the Thirteenth Amendment, and the Confederate defeat in the Civil War, many former slaves did not in reality experience a new birth of freedom. The Republican-controlled Congress enacted the Fourteenth Amendment (enshrining birthright citizenship and equal protection of the law) in 1868 and the Fifteenth Amendment (guaranteeing the right to vote for all men regardless of race) in 1870. Florida - gum and resin for turpentine While states profited, prisoners earned no pay and faced inhumane, dangerous, and often deadly work conditions. As it was mentioned earlier, Slavery by Another Name is displayed in the form of the documentary while focusing on the critical points of the history related to the continuation of slavery (Slavery by Another Name). Learn more about Friends of the NewsHour. IvyPanda. Catalog Slavery by another name : Book . They were largely still impoverished, but authentic freedom, separating themselves from the white families that had controlled their lives. Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II is a book by American writer Douglas A. Blackmon, published by Anchor Books in 2008. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features NFL Sunday Ticket Press Copyright . The American penal system seems to be set up in the same way it was during the time of peonage. 3 0 obj 1996 - 2023 NewsHour Productions LLC. Slavery by another name: the re-enslavement of Black people in America from the Civil War to World War II / Douglas A. Blackmon. In Voice of the Negro, 1 (Sept. 1904): 394-97 (1904). Explore Slavery By Another Name in the Classroom, Read W. FitzhughBrundage's Essay on Slavery by Another Name, - Equality Under the Law Nearly all were black men arrested and then leased" by state.and county governments to U.S. Steel or the compa nies it had acquired.^ 3 star. Mark Levin Podcast Mark Levin Audio Rewind - 3/1/23 2023-03-01. They tried to find ways to bypass the laws that have been passed the . So, whether it was the sharecropping, in which people were tied to the land by debt, or whether it was peonage, or whether it was convict leasing, this had a long-term effect that affected the entire American economy, or just African-Americans? Christina Comer, who discovered how her family profited from the system, comments that the story is important no matter how painful the reality is., For more information on this film, please visit: documentary since the publication of the rst edition: the ascendance of the podcast; greater cultural, racial, and topical variety; and the changing economics of radio itself. . 165 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<813783FC2F88C946A0ACF707440FEFCD>]/Index[157 27]/Info 156 0 R/Length 60/Prev 251488/Root 158 0 R/Size 184/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 3. You've just tried to add this show to My List. Slavery by Another Name. But by the time Green Cottenham grew to adulthood in the first years of the 20th century, this whole new regime of laws had been put in place that essentially turned the American justice system on its head. Now, a history of forced labor after the Civil War. And through most of the period of time that this was happening, these forced labor camps tended to be 80 or 90 percent African-Americans. Since 1940, even with all the problems that persist, since that time since 1970, even with all the problems that persist, African-Americans have achieved on a level economically and educationally, I think, that's unrivaled by any group of people in human history. However, one important vestige of peony was that the system inherently prevented African-Americans from organizing and creating a cohesive community. 29 August. While the methods of forced labor took on many forms over those eight Thus, peonage had a long list of lingering effects, most of which are evident still in the 21st century. endobj Southern industrial expansion [Documentary Film]. However, one important vestige of peony was that the system inherently prevented African-Americans from organizing and creating a cohesive community. Slavery Having had enough deception, the African-American community evolved into an oppositional culture by nature. Slavery did a super job of divesting African-Americans from family and community ties, as mothers and children were ripped apart, as were husbands and wives. It allowed African Americans to participate in government, allowing approximately 1,500 African Americans to enter government. Week 14: Uneven Development in the Industrial World Bridging World History: Units 25 and 26 Have read: Bales and Ron Soodalter, The Slave Next Door, chs. 3. limestone, coal, iron - all ingredients for steel - four tons per day Before long, the "criminal" label becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. Interviews with the descendants of victims and perpetrators resonate with a modern audience. Film about the rise and fall of Ghana's colonial liberation leader Kwame Nkrumah . It also includes stories about creative efforts by districts and/or individual teachers in each state to teach outside the textbook about Reconstruction. We still have convict leasing by another name. Founded by John T. Milner A former reporter for The Wall Street Journal, he's now the chair of the Miller Center Forum at the University of Virginia. SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME challenges one of America's most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. Prod. Thank you. 183 0 obj <>stream He was born in freedom. Justice Reform And the film makes. And by the beginning of the 20th century, whites all over the country had seen stories written about some of the particularly the worst atrocities and some of the brutalities. Then they read the book and realized that in fact the old stories are very likely to be truethat thousands of people were living in a state of involuntary servitude well into the lives of millions of Americans who are still alive today.. "Slavery by Another Name" is a documentary about the brutality southern white men inflicted upon black people. Douglas Blackmon is author of the book "Slavery by Another Name" and co-executive producer of tonight's film. must. Slavery, and its negative (and positive) effects on society, is not nearly as pervasive in today's modern world as it has been in previous centuries. This documentary tells a harrowing story of how in the South, even as chattel slavery came to an end, new forms of involuntary . Today, we're going to discuss . Not just a black history story, but an American history story. These men were at the behest of their new masters and bought and sold on a whim. No, this is a huge drag on all of American life. Book Non-fiction. PBS doc shines light on shameful period in American history. Slavery in the United States, apartheid in South Africa, and the Indian caste system are now all illegal. %PDF-1.5 It is apparent that not all of the American citizens are aware of the issues, which are discussed in the film, and these stories have to be presented to cultivate the importance of tolerance, freedoms, and the recognition of rights in the modern society. And it became an instrument of injustice, instead of a system of justice. b. telegraph About Slavery by Another Name in the Classroom To increase the opportunities for young people to learn, interact, and engage around the . It is a documentary about the weighty topic of mass incarceration. 2023. Convict leasing cut costs on construction of prisons, as well as on the housing of prisoners because the local plantations and industries agreed to provide room and board for the convicts they leased. %PDF-1.7 % 6-9. 2. ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. Subscribe to Heres the Deal, our politics Phantom Power a podcast that dives deep into the world of sound to ask provocative questions that resonate across the human experience celebrates Black History Month with " The Sound World of Harriet Tubman.". The documentary recounts how in the years following the Civil War, insidious new forms of forced labor emerged in the American South, keeping hundreds of thousands of African Americans in bondage, trapping them in a brutal system that would persist until the onset of World War II. Circular 3591, It created a sharp divide in the country: dG"ineCW/xy]QYzZ"BeJt oG"9R&lf_q"u;q?#^E0j[O~Mm9TeO One vestige of the peonage system was the Black Codes, which delimited the social, economic, and political behaviors of African-Americans. The peonage system represents one of the great failures of Reconstruction. What was the significance of the Wilson administration? The label creates a personal identity, and a sense of belonging to a deviant subculture. Slavery by Another Name "resets" our national clock with a singular astonishing fact: Slavery in America didn't end 150 years ago, with Abraham Lincoln's 1863 Emancipation Proclamation. 2012. x[_o8/GP+(R0n>k+[YKNofHI;q73}W=E~uy)wKXjv5],2p?d4|{&d'U S&db&1z/lw IV/O:Rg.u>/>|B>X9dJe c {w$!XaRIFd_! Steve says, IT FEELS PRETTY. Self-empowerment was a long, hard-fought battle attained by very few, most of whom had abandoned the hard memories of plantation life for a new start up north. Ex. Available on PBS Video. Gwen Ifill speaks with Douglas Blackmon, the films co-executive producer, about this largely forgotten piece of history and the forces that propelled it. In order to pay off the loan, the person was forced into a contract "to work for him without pay until the debt was paid off," (Wagner, 2012, p. 3). When we talk about institutionalized racism, we need only to look at Black Codes and the peonage system that preceded them to understand how racism becomes embedded in a dysfunctional culture. <> professional specifically for you? Slavery By Another Name challenges one of America's most cherished assumptions - the belief that slavery in the US ended with Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation - by telling the harrowing story of how in the South, a new system of involuntary servitude took its place with shocking force slaverycivil warbased on bookamerican history Directed by Sam Pollard, produced by Catherine Allan and Douglas Blackmon, written by Sheila Curran Bernard, based on the 2009 Pulitzer Prize-winning book by Blackmon. The federal court upheld segregation, what came to be known as Separate but Equal. Based on Blackmons research and book of the same title, Slavery by Another Name spans eight decades, from 1865 to 1945, revealing the interlocking forces in both the South and the North that enabled this neoslavery to begin and persist. 2023,, Slavery and Caste Systems Other appropriate courses offered during the fall and spring semesters, or during the winter term, may be substituted for at the discretion of the program director. Slavery by Another Name discusses the critical points related to the history of the United States of America and determines its crucial correlation to the African-American studies. We would leave the cells around 3:00 a.m. and return at 8:00 p.m., going the distance of three miles through rain or snow. Sociological and criminological labeling theory implies that individuals or whole groups are "tagged" with the designation of being criminal, and that once those tags are in place, they are difficult to remove because "the stigma that accompanies the deviant 'tag' causes a person fall into deeper nonconformity," ("Becker," n.d.). Before long, the "criminal" label becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. To assure the existence of the social and historical support, the movie is presented in the form of the documentary and can be viewed by an extended audience to spread awareness about the drawbacks of slavery, intolerance, and racism among the representatives of different generations. Nonetheless, the publications and videos tend to portray the situation from one side only without being capable of delivering the overall picture of cruelty. He helped give rise to southern political affairs, birth of a nation, %%EOF Behind Steve is part of The Agenda logo, a lowercase a., IvyPanda. endobj hY]o+|L]~;n uDMq ? Akin to offering sanctuary for Nazi war criminals after World War Two, the appeasement of Southern lawmakers and landowners might have been good politics for President Johnson in the wake of the Lincoln assassination. Yet in spite of the great strides, vestiges of peonage remain in concrete and highly visible ways. Blackmon, Douglas A. Slavery By Another Name: The Re-enslavement of Black Americans From the Civil War to World War II. African-Americans had few role models or community leaders to help them organize in order to overcome. Using archival photographs and dramatic re-enactments filmed on location in Alabama and Georgia, it tells the forgotten stories of both victims and perpetrators of neoslavery and includes interviews with their descendants living today. With relief, we think: That was then. The reader is guided from a narrow perspective on responsible

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